|Bicycling Street Smarts|
GETTING ACROSS NON-STANDARD INTERSECTIONS
Not all intersections are of the standard, "crossroads" type.
Though the same principles of lane positioning apply to all intersection maneuvers, some
situations can be confusing and deserve a second look.
Bicyclists sometimes will ride against traffic or take unusual routes across intersections to get to their lane positions. Don't do it!
Instead, look for a good place to enter, where you can start out with a normal intersection maneuver: a left or right turn, or a lane change to merge into traffic. The traffic laws apply as soon as you're on the road, and even if you have to walk your bike a short distance to a driveway, a legal start is much safer. Besides, you often get started faster, since you can then move with the normal flow of traffic.
When entering the road from a narrow driveway, ride down its middle. A pedestrian could
be approaching on the sidewalk from either side, and a car could be about to enter the
driveway from either direction. By placing yourself in the middle, you can see in both
directions equally well.
Even when preparing for a right turn onto a rural highway, look left, right, left, and then right again. A car approaching from your right can pull out to pass very quickly and head for you in the lane you're about to enter.
Traffic follows the usual rules at a diagonal intersection, but it's harder for drivers to look into the diagonal cross street behind them. Be especially careful of vans and trucks, which have a right rear blindspot.
Some of the turns in a diagonal intersection aren't very sharp, so cars may not slow down very much. Be alert to oncoming left-turning traffic, and be sure the drivers have seen you.
When you're riding along a road and an on-ramp comes in from the right, stay in your normal lane position. Traffic from behind you on the ramp will first pass to your right, and then to your left.
An off-ramp is much like a right-turn lane, except that the traffic is
faster. If you're going straight and the ramp goes off to the right, stay in your normal
traffic position, to its left. The exiting traffic will pass you on your right, and the
through traffic will pass you on your left.
A one-way roadway can have on- and off-ramps to the left side. When entering on a ramp from the left, ride along its left side, then the left side of the roadway until you can merge across to your normal lane position. When exiting on a ramp to the left, cross to the left before the ramp and ride on the left side of the ramp until it is safe to move to your normal lane position.
Sometimes two roadways will join or divide, but the total number of lanes will stay the same: For example, a couple of one-lane roads can join into a single two-lane one-way road. In high-speed traffic, it's best to ride near the edge, as with ramps. When entering or exiting from the left in slower traffic, you may ride on the right side of the left road, so you avoid having to cross as many lanes.
A traffic circle is a left-curving street with several side streets going off to the right.
The right lane of a traffic circle is, then, a right-turn lane used by entering and exiting traffic. Enter the traffic circle in the right lane if you're going to turn right at the first exit. But if you're going past the first exit, change lanes to the inside as you enter the circle. Ride around at the outer edge of the inside lane. It sometimes helps to make a left-turn signal while in the inside lane; drivers then feel comfortable about passing you on the right as they exit the circle.
Change back to the outside lane as you approach your exit. Use your normal tactics and hand signals for lane-changing.
Because of the traffic circle's left curve, cars go straight to turn right. For this reason, it's especially dangerous to cross an exit of a traffic circle in the right lane. Bicyclists who always keep to the right will tell you that traffic circles are very dangerous. On the other hand, you'll find it surprisingly easy to ride around in the inside lane. Drivers don't go very fast there, since they follow the curve.
Sometimes you need to make two left turns quickly, one after the other; for example, if you're turning left at an intersection and then turning left into a driveway at the middle of the block.
In this case, don't head for the right side of the street after the first left turn. You may not have time to change lanes to the left again. Finish your first left turn in the correct lane to begin your second left turn.
If a one-way street is two or more lanes wide, laws in most places allow you to ride at either side. When you make a left turn from a one-way street onto another one-way street, it's easiest and safest to ride around the corner on the left.
Bike lanes give bicyclists a narrow lane to the right of motorists. Sometimes you must ride outside the bike lane to be safe, especially at intersections. Pass slower vehicles on the left. If you pass on the right, the vehicle you are passing might turn right without the driver ever seeing you, and that vehicle also hides you from oncoming drivers who might turn left in front of you.
When turning left, merge left before the intersection as described earlier in this booklet. When going straight through, don't let right-turning traffic get on your left and "hook" you. Unless the bike lane goes to the left of a right turn lane, this means moving left (out of the bike lane) before the intersection, merging into line with the cars. When turning right you can usually stay in the bike lane.
Some motorists may think that the bike lane is "your space" and you should stay in it. Your safety is more important. Bike lane or not, follow the lane positioning guidelines in this booklet.
And there they are - the difficult intersection types. Once you can handle these, you can ride just about anywhere. You can even figure out how to handle intersections not described here by using the principles of lane changing and positioning on which all intersection maneuvers are based.